“Windows 8 is too hard to turn off”

Did you know the Windows 8 operating system is too hard to shut down? In fact, it’s a “pain-in-the-rump,” according to¬†Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols of ZDNet.com.

I must be honest – when I read those words I just thought to myself, this guy cannot be serious. The gentleman is a technically-savvy author, writing for ZDNet, coming from a background that is replete with relevant experience, and he thinks Windows 8 is too hard to shut down?

In Windows 8, the shutdown button is literally one click from the desktop, or one simple command: WinKey+I. As a Linux user, I would expect Steven to appreciate the brevity of keyboard shortcuts, but in his defense he may not have even known about this shortcut. The other method is simply to navigate to the top-right of your primary screen to reveal the charms, then click the “Settings” icon. (See: Getting around in Windows 8)

While I completely dismiss Steven’s worries about Windows 8 (having used it myself as my primary OS since the developer preview), I do admit that his tone and message could have come across a lot worse. In the end, I think Steven’s article is just a Linux user upset that Windows 8 isn’t Linux – and I don’t mean that in some snarky disrespectful way. We all have our likes and dislikes; he likes Linux, I like usability (okay, that was a bit snarky, hehe).

While I had to fight back the urge to jam pencils into my eye-sockets reading his complaint, I just remind myself, it could have been a lot worse.

First Impression of Windows 8 (Developer Preview)

I downloaded the developer preview of Windows 8 a few weeks ago so that I could begin playing with Internet Explorer 10. After setting up a new partition and loading the OS into a dual-boot environment, I was quickly up and running in Windows 8. I’ve been using the operating system almost exclusively now for a while, and I wanted to share some of the things I like, and some of the things I don’t like so much. In complete honesty, the likes greatly outweigh the dislikes – in fact, the dislikes are probably too few to require more than half a hand to list (but of course that may grow with more exposure and experience).

I write this today as somebody who knows nothing about what specific goals Microsoft has in developing this operating system. All I know is that it’s something of a one-size-fits-all, in that it’s intended to be used on both the desktop, as well as the mobile tablet interface. I’ll be honest, that fact alone had me a little suspicious. My desktop and my tablet are two radically different experiences. But could Microsoft really pull it off, and create something for both?

Fast, So Fast!

Setting up windows was quick and required very little effort. One thing I thought was especially interesting was the prompt I received to give the Setup Wizard my Live account email address. My user account is directly tied to my Live account, which I thought was pretty cool.

As cool as the Live account integration was, that wasn’t what floored me during setup: the actual boot time was! From the boot screen to my login screen, the process of getting into the OS often takes less than a few seconds. Honestly, when I select the Windows 8 Developer Preview from my boot screen, I find it difficult to actually count more than 2 seconds or so – what a joy it is to not sit and wait.

Here’s another demo online from Microsoft themselves, though I think my PC loads up just a bit faster – but hey, it’s no contest, right? ūüôā

Of course the boot screen itself is pretty handsome now too – no more white text on a black background, Windows 8 is purdy!

Multiple Displays

I am running Windows 8 on a dual-monitor setup. This meant that when I log into the machine, my left (Primary) monitor loads up the new start screen, and my right monitor (secondary display) loads up a more traditional looking desktop.

This was the first major impression made – the interface for interacting with the computer had changed completely. While a little lost, and scared, I was excited. Scrolling up and down would slide all of these neat little panels left and right, revealing games, applications and other goodies. The first thing I did was jump into the Zero Gravity game and get lost in weightless-adventure for about an hour (I didn’t have my sound working at this point, so I’m¬†surprised¬†I managed to play that long without audio).

Gorgeous New Task Manager

After poking around on this screen for a bit, I clicked the “desktop” panel which slid the start screen out of the way to reveal a classic desktop experience on both monitors – ah, now I feel at home.

I was curious how much memory this OS uses, so I decided to visit the performance tab from the task-manager: CTRL+ALT+DEL brought up another nice screen, and sure enough, Task Manager was there on the list of items to select.

Immediately I noticed a much nicer looking task manager – good for him, he’s been pretty ugly for as long as I can remember.

I love how much details is shared in this newer task manager, and how nicely presented it is as well. The varying yellow background colors change as frequently as the values in the cells do themselves. It’s pretty neat – just a small panel of flashing cells and fluctuating numbers. Really puts you in that “I’m Neo, and I’ll bend your reality” state of mind. But this wasn’t what I wanted to see, I wanted to see the Performance tab.

Goodness, even more beauty! I love the colors, the layout, the entire experience is just awesome. I realize I probably sound like a Microsoft fan-boy at this point, but I don’t have an agenda here, my excitement is entirely organic. From one panel I can see my CPU usage, Memory usage, current Disk usage, Data sent and received over ethernet, as well as my current transfers in Kbps, and so much more. And to top it off, it’s actually aesthetically pleasing.

Okay, Time for a Complaint (Kinda)

I would hardly convince you that I’m being fair here if I didn’t list a few things that bother me about my initial experience with Windows 8 Developer Preview. Your Start button (or ‘Pearl’) is no more, it’s dead, it’s gone – write up its eulogy. Unfortunately, ¬†I don’t think that we have been given anything better in its place. In fact, we’re given a very confusing alternative.

Both of my displays have their own taskbar, and both also have their own start button. This wouldn’t be so bad if each of the start buttons didn’t behave differently. On my main display, hovering over the start button reveals a small fly-out menu, as well as a large over-sized date (which I actually like):

Careful, don’t click that button. Clicking it will throw you back into the start screen with the fancy panels. This is what I mean by the start button that we all know and love is dead. I instinctively click this thing about once a day it seems, especially when I’m trying to find something I just installed.

Meanwhile, over on display two, there’s an odd looking icon in the place of the start button:

This button, when clicked, actually swaps the two buttons. If you click this, the start button from the primary display will replace this, and this will occupy the old location of the primary start button. Confusing, eh?

Essentially this button moves your fancy-panel screen over to this display. Clicking this button on my secondary display causes the neat new home screen of panels to be revealed on this monitor as opposed to my primary monitor.

The complaint here is that the traditional start button that we have known for nearly all of Windows’ history is dead and gone.¬†Admittedly, it doesn’t take long to get used to this new¬†behavior, but it’s entirely unexpected. Additionally, you can’t just hover over any portion of the main start button to reveal the fly-up mini-menu. From what I can tell, you have to hover over the lower-left corner of the button. At times I’ve found myself hovering over the button while thinking to myself “What the eph, computer – respond!”

Finally, Smart Taskbars!

The taskbar has always been a frustrating thing for me. I’ve found myself wanting them to be a bit smarter for several iterations of the Windows operating system, and with Windows 8, Microsoft has delivered! One feature in particular really excited me.

So, a lot of this stuff is pretty standard, but the “Windows appear” portion is what caught my attention. To be honest, I didn’t really understand what it meant, “Unique to each taskbar,” so I selected it and applied. I immediately found out that any programs opened on my primary display would show up in my primary taskbar, and any programs opened on my secondary display would show up in my secondary taskbar.

Further, dragging a window from display 2 over to display 1 results in taskbar 2 giving up the application to taskbar 1. Awesome! No longer does my taskbar just tell me that I have a program opened, somewhere, but it is now smart enough to tell me which display contains which application.

This post is quickly becoming a bit too large, so I’ll cut it off here. The more I use the Developer Preview the more I’ll have to say about it. But so far, I’m very pleased with what I’ve been seeing. Nice work, Microsoft.

Install and Setup of Kohana 3, The

Kohana is the wildly popular PHP Framework used by many developers all over. I’ve used it numerous times in the past on some rather different projects and found it to be pretty versatile and reliable over-all. One of my largest projects received well over 100,000 unique visitors a day, and still managed to hold up exceptionally well under the stress.

This post will serve as nothing more than a guide to installing Kohana version 3.


In order to run Kohana you will need a server, but don’t worry too much as your average computer will do. I develop on windows (for now) so I typically install WAMPServer, which places Apache, MySQL, and PHP all on my box inside a live server environment so that I can develop on the domain http://localhost/ – awfully handy.

Depending on what operating system you’re using, you may not find WAMPServer to be all that helpful. There are always alternatives: MAMP and XAMPP are two popular ones.

The Classic Download, Copy and Paste Procedure

Like so many other frameworks, we’ll begin with downloading Kohana and extracting the files into our project directory. You can download Kohana 3 from the Kohana download page. At the time of this writing, the latest (stable) version is 3.0.9, which also happens to be the version I’ll use in the following examples.

Extract the contents of your download to your project directory. You may keep the standard /kohana folder that comes in the archive, or you can just pull the files themselves our and into your directory. Once you have this done though, load up your favorite browser and navigate to your project directory to begin the requirements testing.

Kohana checks environment to ensure it can run properly with present configuration.

This stage will test your environment for Kohana¬†compatibility. Kohana will need to ensure that your server configuration allows for writable log directories, appropriate versions of PHP and so much more. This screen will give you a nice rundown of how you stack up. All green is all good, but if Kohana finds something it doesn’t like (like unwritable directories) be sure to handle it here and refresh to re-check your system.

If you require assistance setting up your server environment to allow for writable directories, or enabling extensions in the PHP library, please consider visiting serverfault, and online peer-reviewed question and answer website for server maintenance.

As indicated in the automated test, once your system is clear you may delete (or rename) the install.php file to continue the process of setting up Kohana 3.

Setting the Base URL

Some of you may have refreshed your browser only to find a aesthetically pleasing (yet heartbreaking) error on your screen. You got antsy, slow down and keep reading (we’re almost done, I promise). The next thing we need to do is update our base bath to the project on our server.

Kohana uses Apache’s mod_rewrite to beautify your url structure. Much of this logic exists within the example.htaccess file found immediately within your Kohana directory. Open this up to make our next edit.

If necessary, let’s update the following line:

# Installation directory
RewriteBase /

If your project is immediately inside your /www or /htdocs folder (your web-server directory) then you can leave this as /, however if you’ve created a project folder to house your Kohana application you need to point this to where that project is. Hint: it’s the same path that we accessed to get to the previous phase, the system check.

My project happens to be in a custom path, so I’ll update my example.htaccess file.

# Installation directory
RewriteBase /projects/demoKohana/website

When you are ready to save this file, save it as .htaccess in the same directory. It’s an odd filename, but trust me on this. This file is handled by Apache and often times contains very important rules for how requests ought to be handled. You can read more about .htaccess on the Apache website.

Now that we’ve modified the .htaccess file, our directory ought to look like this:

Basic Kohana 3 root directory appearance.
  • application (folder)
  • modules (folder)
  • system (folder)
  • .htaccess
  • build.xml
  • example.htaccess
  • index.php
  • LICENSE.md
  • install.php (deleted or renamed)
  • README.md

If this looks like your directory, you’re well on your way to finishing the setup process.

Once you’ve confirmed your directory structure is correct, we can move on to the the final touches before starting development with the Kohana 3 framework.

Updating the Bootstrap

Our next, and final, step is to update an array found within application/bootstrap.php. Within bootstrap.php, locate the following lines:

	'base_url' => '/',

Here, again, we’ll want to change the base_url value. Within a comment the Kohana developers tell us that this value represents the “path, and optionally domain, of your application.” As such, if you want to provide the domain you are more than welcome to. I will be using a path instead:

	'base_url' => '/projects/demoKohana/website',

Save, and exit.

At this point, if all went as it should, you should be able to refresh your project directory and find one of the most glorious messages developers have enjoyed since 1974.

To the Controller!

By default, Kohana will run the index action of the default Welcome controller. The default controller and action are set within the bootstrap.php file, located just inside the applications folder. Locate the following lines:

Route::set('default', '(<controller>(/<action>(/<id>)))')
		'controller' => 'welcome',
		'action'     => 'index',

If you would like to change the controller and/or action, you may do so here. Instead of changing the present values, I’m going to leave them as they are and simply take a look at the welcome controller. You can find the welcome controller source located inside application/classes/controllers under the filename welcome.php:

<?php defined('SYSPATH') or die('No direct script access.');

class Controller_Welcome extends Controller {

	public function action_index()
		$this->request->response = 'hello, world!';

} // End Welcome

You can see from this code that all the action_index() method does is send the ‘hello, world!’ message directly to the response. No views are being loaded, so we’ll go ahead and load a view now. We’ll start by creating a new file at application/views/welcome.php and placing within it the text “This is my view.” Next, back in our controller we will make the following change to the action_index method body:

//$this->request->response = 'hello, world!';
$this->request->response = View::factory( 'welcome' );

Here we are loading the welcome view into the response. This now allows us to make changes to our applications/views/welcome.php file rather than modifying the output within the controller itself.

Next up, Using Views in Kohana 3.